Monday, August 24, Bamberg, Germany

Bamberg is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, because its Medieval Town is so well preserved. It was not bombed in WWII, so all of its buildings are from the 1650s, right after the 30 Years War. There are about 2,000 people living in the Old Town. Today is the start of their Old City Festival Week!

City Hall is built in the middle of the Regnict River! Taxes were so high on land, and the River wasn't taxed, so the city folks built an island in the river for City Hall.

Today is the first day of the Old City Festival Week, so there are banners and music and lots of people. About 2,000 people live. In the Old City.

The shops have their medieval “house numbers” on their picture signs. This one was the Blue Lion. Napoleon introduced street numbers to buildings, well after the Middle Ages.

Bamberg is known as the Rome of the North because it's built on seven hills. Actually, there were six hills, so the seventh one is man made. On the hill in the city is the Cathedral, the Residence of the Prince-Bishop of medieval times, and the Court of Laws.

The Residence

The Court of Laws

The Cathedral was first consecrated in 1012! It burned a couple of times, and the structure of today was consecrated in 1237. Pope Clemens is buried here, the only Pope buried north of the Alps. He had served as Bishop of Bamberg before he was Pope in 1046/47.

The Bamberg Horseman was created around 1235 by an unknown craftsman of an unknown rider. It is perhaps Stephan of Hungary, Konrad III, Constantine the Great, or a symbolic figure of a knight from the Middle Ages.

There's a lovely rose garden in the garden of The Residence, which is now a museum, and an overlook of Bamberg.